Gender division

Gender division

The term "gender division in HR" could refer to disparities in a company based on genders in different aspects such as pay, promotion, policies and more.

Here are some aspects to where gender division can be noticed

Organizational roles and levels

Sometimes, there is a division of gender within HR departments or within a company as a whole, where certain roles are disproportionately held by one gender. For example, HR roles themselves are often predominantly held by women, but higher executive roles within HR may be disproportionately held by men.

Pay gap analysis

HR departments sometimes have to analyze gender division in terms of pay to ensure there is no gender-based wage discrimination in the company.

Women-related policies

In some cases, there could be specialized HR personnel who focus on gender-specific issues, such as work-life balance, maternity leave, or sexual harassment policies.

Policies and practices

The HR department may focus on gender as one aspect of diversity and inclusion efforts, seeking to understand how company policies and practices may have different impacts on employees of different genders.

Recruitment and retention

Gender division in HR can also refer to efforts to balance gender in recruitment and retention strategies, particularly in industries where one gender is significantly underrepresented.

Training and development

Some HR departments offer gender sensitivity training or leadership development programs designed for women or other gender minorities.

Legal compliance

Ensuring that the company is in compliance with laws concerning gender discrimination could also be a part of gender division in HR.

Data and reporting

HR may track metrics related to gender for internal review or for compliance with external standards or regulations. This data could cover hiring rates, promotion rates, pay scales, and other factors.

Workforce segmentation

The term can also mean the actual division of labor among men and women in the organization, which can often be unequal and lead to segregation in terms of roles and responsibilities. HR can play a role in understanding and addressing this kind of division.

Cultural dynamics

Gender division in HR might refer to the role of HR in addressing company culture aspects that contribute to gender divisions or stereotypes.

Gender division of labor

The term "gender division of labor" refers to the allocation of different jobs, tasks, or types of work to individuals based on their gender. 

This division can manifest in various societal domains, such as within households, the workplace, and institutions. It is deeply ingrained in many cultures and societies and can have both economic and social implications.

Historical context

Historically, the gender division of labor originated from the roles men and women were assigned based on their perceived physical abilities and societal needs. 

Men, who were often physically stronger, were typically responsible for hunting, protection, and heavy labor. Women, on the other hand, were often assigned roles that could be performed while also taking care of children, such as gathering, cooking, and weaving.

Over time, these roles evolved and diversified, but the fundamental separation often remained in various forms.

Modern day implications

In contemporary society, the gender division of labor can still be observed in various contexts:

Household labor: Women often take on a disproportionate amount of unpaid work at home, including childcare, cooking, and cleaning.

Workplace: Certain professions are gender-segregated. For example, nursing and teaching are often female-dominated, while engineering and construction tend to be male-dominated.

Wage gap: The division often leads to economic disparity between genders. For instance, jobs typically held by women tend to be less valued and, thus, less well-paid than those dominated by men.

Societal expectations: The gender division of labor is also maintained through societal expectations and norms, which dictate "appropriate" roles for men and women.

Policy and legislation: In some cases, public policy can either reinforce traditional gender roles or seek to redress gender imbalances. For example, parental leave policies can either perpetuate or challenge traditional divisions of labor.

How to avoid gender disparities in a company?

Recruitment and hiring

Blind screening

Use gender-blind resume and application screening methods to ensure that initial evaluations are based on skills, experience, and qualifications, not gender.

Diverse interview panels

Incorporate diversity into interview panels to mitigate unconscious biases that might favor one gender over another.

Standardized interview

Use standardized interview questions to ensure all candidates are evaluated using the same criteria.

Promotion and career development

Transparent criteria

Clearly outline what is required for promotions and career advancement to ensure everyone has an equal opportunity to prepare and apply.

Mentorship and sponsorship

Develop programs that provide mentorship opportunities for everyone, and ensure that women and gender minorities have access to sponsorship within the organization.


Offer leadership and skills development training that is available to all genders. Look out for and address any gender-based participation gaps in these programs.


Equal pay audits

Regularly conduct internal audits to identify and rectify gender pay gaps.

Transparent pay scales

Where feasible, make compensation ranges for roles transparent, to ensure that everyone is aware of their earning potential.

Work-life balance

Flexible working conditions

Offer options like remote working, flexible hours, and part-time roles to accommodate employees with caregiving responsibilities, which are often disproportionately women.

Parental leave

Implement strong parental leave policies that encourage all genders to participate in caregiving.

Company culture

Inclusive environment

Foster an inclusive culture where all voices are heard, valued, and given equal opportunity to contribute.

Sexual harassment training

Regularly conduct training sessions and awareness programs about sexual harassment and make it clear that such behavior will not be tolerated.

Regular surveys

Conduct regular employee surveys to get insights into any perceived gender disparities and address them proactively.

Reporting and accountability


Report gender metrics transparently to demonstrate the company's commitment to gender equality.


Assign responsibility for gender equality to senior leaders to ensure it remains a priority.

Key performance indicators (KPIs)

Establish KPIs related to gender diversity and make them part of the overall business goals.

Frequently asked questions

No items found.

HRs also look for

No items found.

Free group health insurance consultation

With employee benefits experts to tailor the best policy for your team